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Glipizide

Classification: B

Drug products: Glipizid Meda, Mindiab, Mindiab®

ATC code: A10BB07

Substances: glipizide

Summary

Glipizide is used for treatment of type-2 diabetes when lifestyle-modifying treatment is insufficient.
Some studies indicate that women have a higher risk of hypoglycemia during antidiabetic treatment than men.
 
The present evidence concerning differences between men and women is limited and do not motivate differentiation in dosing or treatment.

Additional information

Pharmacokinetics and dosing

No studies with a clinically relevant sex analysis regarding the pharmacokinetics or dosing of glipizide have been found.

Effects

No studies with a clinically relevant sex analysis regarding the effects of glipizide have been found.

Adverse effects

The ACCORD study (Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes) was a randomized, controlled trial designed to test the effect of intensive glucose control compared with standard control on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. The study showed that women had a higher risk of hypoglycemia than men regardless of treatment [1].The risk of hypoglycemia in patients treated with a combination of metformin and glipizide or sitagliptin was evaluated in a German study (694 men, 478 women). In patients treated with metformin and glipizide, more women experienced confirmed or severe hypoglycemia than men [2].

Reproductive health issues

Regarding teratogenic aspects, please consult the Drugs and Birth Defects Database (in Swedish, Janusmed fosterpåverkan).

Updated: 2019-02-26

Date of litterature search: 2014-05-14

References

  1. Miller ME, Bonds DE, Gerstein HC, Seaquist ER, Bergenstal RM, Calles-Escandon J et al. The effects of baseline characteristics, glycaemia treatment approach, and glycated haemoglobin concentration on the risk of severe hypoglycaemia: post hoc epidemiological analysis of the ACCORD study. BMJ. 2010;340:b5444. PubMed
  2. Krobot KJ, Ferrante SA, Davies MJ, Seck T, Meininger GE, Williams-Herman D et al. Lower risk of hypoglycemia with sitagliptin compared to glipizide when either is added to metformin therapy: a pre-specified analysis adjusting for the most recently measured HbA(1c) value. Curr Med Res Opin. 2012;28:1281-7. PubMed
  3. Läkemedelsstatistik. Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen. 2015 [cited 2016-04-05.] länk

Authors: Linnéa Karlsson Lind, Desirée Loikas

Reviewed by: Mia von Euler

Approved by: Karin Schenck-Gustafsson