Drug products: Flagyl, Flagyl®, Metronidazol Actavis
ATC code: P01AB01
One study of topical metronidazole in treatment of rosacea showed similar effect and safety in men and women.
The present evidence concerning differences between men and women is limited and do not motivate differentiation in dosing or treatment.
No studies with a clinically relevant sex analysis regarding the pharmacokinetics or dosing of topical metronidazole have been found. No difference between men and women has been shown for transdermal absorption in general .
In an open-label community-based study (145 men, 437 women) investigating the responsiveness to twice-daily application of metronidazole topical gel 0.75% in subjects with rosacea, the efficacy in reducing lesion count and improving rosacea severity was equivalent in men and women . A small study of patients with mild or moderate papulopustular rosacea (7 men, 25 women) showed that 8 weeks treatment with topical metronidazole or terbinafine yielded similar effect in men and women . Rosacea is a common chronic facial skin disease in which women are approximately 2-3 times more likely than men to be affected .
No studies with a clinically relevant sex analysis regarding adverse effects of topical metronidazole have been found.
Regarding teratogenic aspects, please consult the Drugs and Birth Defects Database (in Swedish, Janusmed fosterpåverkan).
Date of litterature search: 2017-01-17
Reviewed by: Mia von Euler
Approved by: Karin Schenck-Gustafsson