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Ibuprofen

Summary

This summary information comes from Fass and the risk is from the report from Goodpoint.

Persistence. Ibuprofen is degraded in the environment.
Bioaccumulation. Ibuprofen has low potential for bioaccumulation.
Toxicity. Ibuprofen has high chronic toxicity.
Risk. See the report from Goodpoint.

Detaljerade information

Fass environmental information

Fass environmental information for Ipren (ibuprofen) from McNeil (downloaded 2021-11-12).

Hazard

Persistence: "Ibuprofen passes the ready biodegradation test (with uncertainty around the 10-day window criterion due to sampling frequency) and has a DT50 < 32 days in a sediment dissipation study. The phrase “Ibuprofen is degraded in the environment” is thus chosen."

Bioaccumulation: "BCF in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after 8-d exposure with 3 μg/L ibuprofen = 1.50 (muscle) and 23.69 (fat). Zhang et al., (2010). Maximum BCF in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) muscle after an 8-day exposure to 2.79 mg/L ibuprofen = 6.6 Togunde et al. (2012). Maximum BCF in fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) tissue after 28 d exposure and 14 d depuration (OECD 305), and in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) after 7 d exposure and 7 d depuration with 250 μg/L ibuprofen = 1.4. Nallani et al. (2011). Since BCF < 500, the substance has low potential for bioaccumulation."

Toxicity: There are data for 3 trophic levels, most sensitive green algae NOEC, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (formerly Selenastrum capricornutum), 10 microg/L.

Risk

PEC/PNEC is based on sales data in Sweden in year 2018. PEC/PNEC = 2.34 which gives the risk moderate.

Measurements and other information

In Sweden, ibuprofen has been measured in surface waters and in fish. In fish in concentrations far below therapeutic levels (Report Goodpoint 2016) .

Ibuprofen has been detected in treated wastewater, and surface water in Region Stockholm during the years 2012–2016.

EU list of groundwater monitoring and candidates

Ibuprofen is on the EU's watchlist of substances whose concentrations in groundwater should be monitored in the Member States for environmental reasons.

Report Goodpoint 2019

Comparative assessment of environmental risk when using diclofenac, naproxen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, etoricoxib, celecoxib and paracetamol from a Swedish perspective (Report Goodpoint 2019). From an environmental risk point of view, the exchange of diclofenac is recommended for any of the other investigated NSAIDs/analgesics. [...] Paracetamol is a very safe alternative from an environmental point of view. The others are also considered to pose low environmental risk, but slightly increased for ketoprofen. The risk factors for ketoprofen, naproxen, ibuprofen, celecoxib, etoricoxib and paracetamol are not considered so great that an exchange with another substance is recommended. Environmental measurements as well as efficacy studies of both celecoxib and etoricoxib are required."

References

  1. Fass.se för vårdpersonal.
  2. Goodpoint. Prioritering av läkemedel med miljörisk inom SLL. Stockholm: Goodpoint; 2016. Rapport LS 2016–0634.
  3. Provtagningar av läkemedelsrester i vatten, sediment och fisk för Region Stockholm.
  4. Pounds N, Maclean S, Webley M, Pascoe D, Hutchinson T. Acute and chronic effects of ibuprofen in the mollusc Planorbis carinatus (Gastropoda: Planorbidae). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2008;70:47-52.
  5. IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd. Fick J, Lindberg RH, Kaj L, Brorström-Lundén E. Results from the Swedish National Screening Programme 2010. Subreport 3, B 2014 Pharmaceuticals.
  6. IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd Fick J, Lindberg RH, Fång J, Magnér J, Kaj L, Brorström-Lundén E. Screening 2014. Analysis of pharmaceuticals and hormones in samples from WWTPs and receiving waters. Rapport C 135.
  7. Sveriges geologiska undersökning (SGU). Nya ämnen att leta efter i grundvattnet. 15 januari 2020.
  8. Fick J, Lindberg RH, Parkkonen J, Arvidsson B, Tysklind M, Larsson DG. Therapeutic levels of levonorgestrel detected in blood plasma of fish: results from screening rainbow trout exposed to treated sewage effluents. Environ Sci Technol. 2010;44:2661-6.
  9. Fick J, Lindberg RH, Tysklind M, Larsson DG. Predicted critical environmental concentrations for 500 pharmaceuticals. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2010;58:516-23.
  10. Goodpoint. Jämförande bedömning av miljörisk vid användning av diklofenak, naproxen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, etoricoxib, celecoxib samt paracetamol. Stockholm; Goodpoint; 2019.

Author: Health and Medical Care Administration, Region Stockholm