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Lopinavir

Information

Denna sammanfattande information kommer från Fass.

Persistens. Det kan inte uteslutas att lopinavir är persistent, då data saknas.
Bioackumulering. Lopinavir har hög potential att bioackumuleras.
Toxicitet. Data saknas.
Risk. Risk för miljöpåverkan av lopinavir kan inte uteslutas då det inte finns tillräckliga ekotoxikologiska data.

Vetenskaplig diskussion Kaletra

Vetenskaplig diskussion Kaletra (lopinavir, ritonavir), Procedure No. EMEA/H/C/368/X/27 från 2006.

"For lopinavir, the PEC surface water was refined to 1.88 μg/L. The PEC surface water is greater than the limit of 0.01 μg/l proposed in the 2005 EMEA draft guidance. Concerning the estimation of the refined PEC/PNEC ratio, no data were available for the evaluation of lopinavir. An environmental risk assessment has not been adequately addressed by the MAH (innehavare av godkännande för försäljning red. anm.). Consequently, the MAH had to provide an environmental risk assessment for lopinavir according to the Note for Guidance on Environmental Risk Assessments for Pharmaceuticals (Draft CPMP/SWP/4447/00). [...] In response to the CHMP’s request, PECsurface water of lopinavir had been re-calculated using modelling software and modelled physico-chemical values. Consequentially, PECsurface water established using these modelled ecotoxicology data are not very reliable. Only the PECsurface water values determined on measured ecotoxicology data can be take into consideration (PECsurface water = 1,88 μg/l). However, this value exceeds the limit of 0.01 μg/l. No experimental studies have been performed. Instead the MAH provided ecotoxicology data modelled with a software (ECOSAR V 0.99e ). The lowest value of modelled ecotoxicology data of lopinavir could be considered with regard to NOEC of ritonavir. The lowest modelled NOEC is 1.914 mg/litre in green algae. If a conservative factor of 1000 is used, the estimated PNEC WATER value is 1.914 μg/l. The PECsurface water/PNECWATER ratio is below 1 and it could be considered that lopinavir is unlikely to represent a risk to the environment."

Utredningsrapport Kaletra

Utredningsrapport för Kaletra 22 juni 2017 EMA/CHMP/443456/2017.

"No updated environmental risk assessment for lopinavir and ritonavir has been provided. However, as stated in the EPAR of KALETRA that the lack of environmental risk assessment was considered acceptable since lopinavir degrades under UV-light and rapid breakdown is to be expected based on the molecular structure of lopinavir/ritonavir. Moreover, the MAH provided data on the low incidence of HIV in children under 2 years of age in EU (< 300/year). This extension of indication constitutes a marginal increased in the environmental exposure and the PECsurfacewater value is below 0.01 µg/L based on the maximum daily dose."

Fass miljöinformation

Fass miljöinformation för Kaletra från AbbVie (hämtad 2020-04-07).

Fara

Persistens: Data saknas.

Bioackumulation: "Log Dow = 4.7. As the log Dow is ≥ 4.0, lopinavir has high potential for bioaccumulation."

Toxicitet: Data saknas.

Risk

Risk för miljöpåverkan av lopinavir kan inte uteslutas då det inte finns tillräckliga ekotoxikologiska data.

Författad vid avdelningen Kunskapsutveckling, Region Stockholm

Reviderat datum

[2020-04-07 Helena Ramström] Finns Fass-info från AbbVie och utredningsrapporter. Inget i några mätrapporter.